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Making Shrub Syrups: Cold Shrubbing vs Hot Shrubbing

Making Shrub Syrups: Cold Shrubbing vs Hot Shrubbing
Home » DRINKS » DIY drink syrups » How to make shrub syrups

I make and sell shrub syrups, which are a preserved mix of fruit, vinegar and sugar, but they are fairly easy to make if you have fresh fruit and some time. There is some debate as to whether it is better to make shrubs with a cold process or hot. Here are some tips, a summary for each of these cold & hot processes and a drink recipe at the end using an apple shrub syrup.

spritzer with apple shrub syrup
Apple Shrub Syrup with sparkling water

What is a Shrub Syrup:

 Shrub syrups are basically a preserved mixture of fruit, vinegar and sugar. The ratios of each varies widely, as does the process.

Usually the shrub syrups are used as an addition to sparkling water (which makes it an Italian soda) or as an enhancement to cocktails. They can also be used as an excellent salad dressing with the addition of a little oil.

I have been making shrub syrups on my farm since 2001 and selling them at farmers’ markets as well as online.

Here are some of the tips that will help you if you decide to make your own shrub syrups.

Here’s a short “how-to” video on making the drink:

Beer Cocktails With Shrub Syrups And Bitters
Watch this video on YouTube.
Watch the Step by Step Video for More Details

Fruit, Sugar and Vinegar Ratios:

A shrub syrup is basically extracted juice, sugar and vinegar.  The ratios of these 3 ingredients vary greatly depending on whose recipe you use and your own taste.  

The most common ratio of  shrub ingredients is 1:1:1.  That is 1 cup extracted juice to 1 cup sugar to 1 cup vinegar.  Of course the type of sugar and the type of vinegar you use will add nuance to your shrub.

For our shrub syrups I typically use organic fruit, apple cider vinegar and organic cane sugar.

Typical ratios that I use are 4 cups extracted juice to 2 1/4 cups sugar to 3 cups apple cider vinegar, but many people like it sweeter than this. It will depend a bit on how sweet the fruit you use it, and your own sweetness preferences.

If you are making a small batch, you’ll just need to experiment.  The recipe is very forgiving and can easily be adjusted.  

Just remember, the vinegar will mellow after it sits with the fruit syrup for a while so the first taste while cooking will be more pungent than the final product.

Cold Shrubbing vs Hot Shrubbing

Cold Shrubbing

Cold shrubbing involves extracting the juice by letting the fruit sit overnight in the sugar and then straining before adding vinegar.

After the vinegar is added cover and let the syrup sit for several weeks to mellow.

It works well with soft fruit like strawberries or peaches, but I don’t like to use the cold shrubbing method on apples or pears.  The resulting strained syrup is too thick for my taste.  

Hot Shrubbing method:

For hot shrubbing I have a stainless steel steam juicer from Finland (called a Mehu Liisa) that I use to extract the juice.  It’s somewhat expensive, but you could steam your fruit in a double boiler if you’re just making a small batch and then strain.  

With apples, you could also put them through an apple press.  If you go the apple press route however, make sure and pasteurize your apple shrub in the end by bringing it up to 160 degrees for a short time.  This article from the University of Georgia is about making apple cider, but it has some good information on extracting juice from apples and when and why to pasteurize.

Once you’ve extracted the fruit juice you need to add the sugar and vinegar.  Pour the juice into a pot and add the sugar.  Heat the mix slowly to dissolve the sugar.  You do not need to boil the syrup mixture, just simmer it enough to dissolve the sugar.  

I personally like to heat the mixture to about 165 degrees before covering to evaporate some of the volatile elements of the vinegar.  I think it mellows the syrup, but it certainly isn’t necessary.  

I then bring the heat up to 160 degrees for 5 minutes or so to pasteurize.

Ingredients for a beer cocktail with apple shrub syrup
Apple shrub syrup in a beer drink

More Methods for Preserving Summer’s Produce:

Apple Beer

Ingredients for a beer cocktail with apple shrub syrup
This is an easy Fall drink that enhances your favorite beer with some bitters and an apple shrub. Great for game days!
No ratings yet
Prep Time 5 mins
Cook Time 0 mins
Servings 1
Calories 93


  • Tall beer glass
  • Long stir spoon


  • 1 ½ oz. Apple Shrub Syrup
  • 6 oz. beer of your choice
  • 2-3 dashes orange bitters
  • 2 oz carbonated water


  • In a tall glass, add all of the ingredients and stir gently with a long bar spoon. Make sure all ingredients are really cold for the best drink.


Calories: 93kcalCarbohydrates: 11gProtein: 1gFat: 0.1gSaturated Fat: 0.01gPolyunsaturated Fat: 0.02gSodium: 20mgPotassium: 90mgFiber: 0.1gSugar: 4gVitamin A: 0.4IUVitamin C: 0.4mgCalcium: 13mgIron: 0.1mg
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2 oz carbonated water

Recipe Rating

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Jessica macpherson

Friday 17th of March 2017

Is it possible to pasturize shrubs so they don't have to refrigeated? Would the flavor change?

Dorothy Stainbrook

Monday 11th of September 2017

Yes it is totally possible to bring shrub syrups up to pastuization temps. Depending on how much vinegar and/or sugar you use shrubs don't really have to be refrigerated. Vinegar and sugar are both pretty heavy preservatives. I like to keep mine refrigerated because it keeps the taste fresher longer, rather than because it's unsafe.

Jeremy martin

Saturday 29th of October 2016

Hi. This a great post. I keep coming back to it for pointers. I am trying to make my own shrubs but am having difficulty getting a good batch. I have been macerating different fruit concoctions, pear ginger for instance, and tried with several types of vinegar and sugars. Could you tell me what is a good ratio of syrup to vinegar in order to have a good shelf life and taste after aging before use if it is being pastuerized after bottling? If you have any tips it would be greatly appreciated. I would love to talk with a pro. Thanks!

Dorothy Stainbrook

Tuesday 15th of November 2016

Hi Jeremy, Typically I will use about 1/3 vinegar, 1/3 sugar and 1/3 fruit. It really depends on the fruit however. Some fruits are more delicate tasting and can't handle quite as much vinegar. Hope that helps!

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