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Turkey Gravy, Make-Ahead Stock, & Gravy Rescue Tips

Turkey Gravy, Make-Ahead Stock, & Gravy Rescue Tips
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If you’re stressing about gravy this Thanksgiving, stop. Gravy can be a handful because it’s usually the last thing to make, and you want to serve it hot. Make this homemade turkey stock a day or two ahead of time to avoid the last-minute stress, and ensure your gravy is full of flavor.

Even with the best of recipes however, bad things can happen so I’m also sharing tips on how to rescue your gravy when things go sideways. Stress-free cooking is the goal during the holidays (and always actually).

Plate of vegetables and turkey slices with turkey gravy.
Perfect turkey gravy for Thanksgiving

Jump to: RECIPE | Basic Ingredients | Adding Flavor to Gravy | Fixing Common Problems (Gravy Rescue) | Liquid to Fat Flour Ratios | Make Ahead Base

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Gravy Making 101

I’m pretty sure gravy is a must on everyone’s Thanksgiving table. It can save a dry turkey, bring boring mashed potatoes to life, and keep on giving for the next-day (i.e., the open-faced turkey sandwich.)

There are many, many versions of gravy, from country gravy with sausage drippings to Cumberland sauce for lamb, to red-eye gravy with coffee. This post is focused on turkey gravy, but the ”gravy-saver” tips hold for all different types of gravy.

Unfortunately, gravy is a bit of a “stress dish” for many cooks. We’ve all been there: guests are pouring in, wine is flowing and you’re stuck in the kitchen trying to breathe life into something that turned out lumpy and bland for some reason. Not this year!

Let’s get your gravy game plan ready. First off, make sure you’ve got all the ingredients and tools on hand to avoid having to run out to buy something at the last minute. Preparation is the key to (gravy) success.

Basic Ingredients for Great Thanksgiving Gravy:

Basic ingredients for turkey gravy.
Basic ingredients: giblets & turkey neck, onion, parsley, bay leaf, butter, fresh sage, shallots, flour, pan drippings, homemade base stock, (cream is optional)
  • The drippings and brown bits (from the roasted turkey or chicken, or whatever your Thanksgiving go-to protein is).
  • A good stock. The stock is the key to great instead of good. Make a homemade stock a day or two ahead (recipe for a good one is in the recipe card below) and avoid using prepared stock if possible.
  • All purpose flour.
  • Fresh herbs (sage and thyme are my go-to, but go with your preference; just make sure they are fresh).

Helpful Kitchen Equipment for Turkey Gravy

Tip: Brining your turkey can make it more difficult to achieve a great gravy, as it can be overly salty. Keep some butter on hand as a substitute if you are using a heavily brined turkey.

Adding Flavor to Bland Turkey Gravy

The ingredients mentioned above are all you need to make a basic gravy that will taste absolutely fine. But since this is Thankgiving, you probably want to go beyond “fine” and aim for impressive.

Luckily, there are many different additions that can give your gravy a little” je ne sais quoi”:

  • Fresh sage and thyme are classic herbs that complement turkey gravy
  • Wine, sherry or apple brandy are popular alcohol additions
  • Shallots are less pungent than onions but still offer max flavor
  • Heavy whipping cream if you like a creamy gravy
  • Homemade stock (using the turkey neck and giblets, as well as some vegetables. See the recipe below for an excellent make ahead stock).
  • If you’re making your gravy base ahead of time, use a gravy fat separator to easily remove excess fat if need be.
  • Lastly, make use of all that roasted turkey goodness by making it directly in the roasting pan. That way, you get all of those tasty crusty bits stuck to the bottom, which is where all the flavor is.

How to Fix Common Gravy Problems

In cooking, even with good preparation, things can always go south. The key is not to stress out – and know some basic fixes or rescue strategies ahead of time.

So here are some “gravy saver tips” for common problems. Read this ahead of time as some of the fixes are preventative and some are last-minute.

My gravy is too salty!

Problem: You added too much salt, or there was too much salt in your stock or turkey drippings. Now your Thanksgiving gravy tastes like the ocean.

Solution: There are actually multiple things you can do. For example, adding some lemon doesn’t make the gravy less salty, but a hint of bright acidity will help to mask the salt. You can also thin the gravy with some unsalted stock or milk, or even go the lush route with heavy cream.

My gravy is lumpy!

Problem: You didn’t whisk enough, didn’t add flour gradually, or the liquid was too hot when the flour was first added…. this is one of the most common gravy problems. Inside of the lumps is raw flour, which is not pleasant.

Solution: The drippings and stock need to be hot before adding the flour but not boiling hot. Add the flour gradually and whisk continuously. I like to make the flour into a slurry by adding flour and warm water to a small jar and shaking it up. You still need to whisk it thoroughly and continuously, but using a slurry results in fewer lumps. Worse case scenario, if the lumps persist, opt to strain the gravy or even just break out the blender.

My gravy is bland!

Problem: You followed all the instructions, but the flavor is lacking. Was all the work for nothing?

Solution: This is the easiest gravy problem to end up with in my opinion, because there’s so much you can do. Salt and pepper are obvious choices, but here are a few popular additions to enhance flavor:

  • Worcestershire or soy sauce for umami
  • A splash of wine or lemon juice for acidity
  • A sprinkle of MSG
  • Additional herbs (complementary herbs include chives, parsley, chervil, basil, tarragon, and sage
  • A half teaspoon of mustard
  • 1-2 tablespoons of soaked, drained and chopped dried porcini mushrooms
  • Puree roasted garlic
  • And last but not least, my grandmother’s favorite: a tablespoon of Kitchen Bouquet

Don’t worry too much about exact measurements. Add a little of one or more of the above flavor enhancers and then taste. Rinse and repeat. Constant tasting is one of the secrets of a great cook.

My gravy is runny!

Problem: You added a bit too much stock and now your gravy is too thin.

Solution: You should be able to boil some of the liquid out by stirring over high heat. You could also make a cornstarch slurry with equal parts cornstarch plus room-temperature water and whisk that in. Adding more liquid sounds counterintuitive, but give it a few minutes of constant whisking and you’ll see improvement.

My gravy is oily!

Problem: You overdid it with the turkey fat and/or butter.

Solution: This is where the gravy fat separator comes in! Alternatively, you can try to spoon off the fat or let the gravy cool so it congeals at the top and can be removed.

My gravy tastes like flour!

Problem: You didn’t let the drippings and flour roux brown enough, and now the gravy tastes chalky.

Solution: Crank up the heat for a few minutes while whisking regularly. If your gravy thickens too much, just add some more stock, drippings or cream.

My gravy tastes burned!

Problem: The roasting pan got too hot and the drippings burned

Solution: Make your gravy in a heavy-based roasting pan that is just large enough to hold the turkey. If it is too big or too thin parts of the turkey drippings will burn.

How Much Gravy to Make Per Person

If you’re anything like me, you overdo the amount of food on Thanksgiving. Gravy is one thing that you shouldn’t skimp on. After all, how many times a year do you actually have turkey drippings?

And don’t forget about the all-day snacking on leftovers that goes on the next day. Gravy is a must for the open-faced turkey sandwich!

It does depend on the size of your turkey, however, and the number of guests. Here is a handy chart that might help:

Infographic on making turkey gravy, showing ratios between liquid, fat and flour for 6, 8, 12, 14 and 16 servings.
Gravy Ingredient Ratios per Person

Make Ahead Gravy Base

If you’re aiming for a stress-free Thanksgiving dinner, a make-ahead gravy base is a lifesaver.

So how do you prepare your gravy base ahead of time so all you have to do on the day is finish it off once you’ve got the turkey drippings on hand? It’s easy! Note that we’re assuming here that you haven’t roasted your turkey yet.

Turkey stock that was made ahead to use in making Thanksgving gravy.
Made ahead turkey stock
  • Prepare the stock base by long-simmering (1-2 hours) the turkey giblets and/or wings, plus some vegetables if you choose (see recipe below).
  • Use butter and/or the fat spooned off the stock to sauté some shallot, fresh sage and thyme (or your favorite fresh herbs). Do this in a dutch oven so you can add the stock to the shallot and sage butter while hot. This is called deglazing the pan.
  • Add the stock to the pan and thicken it with a flour slurry until you’ve obtained the gravy base (slurry is about 2 Tablespoons flour shaken in a jar with 1/4 cup warm water and then whisked into the herb-flavored stock). This can then be stored in the fridge until you’re ready to use it (bring to room temperature when you are getting ready to use it).
  • On the day of the feast, after roasting the turkey, heat up the drippings over a medium high burner in a heavy bottom pan (not too big or it will burn). Whisk in the gravy base and give your guests the pleasure of a classic turkey gravy with a ton of flavor.

Frequently asked questions

Can you freeze gravy?

Absolutely. Just freeze your gravy in an airtight container and it’ll last 6 months or more without any difference in taste.

How much gravy per person?

About 1/3 cup should work for most people, though you could make a little extra for the gravy maniacs (me!) just in case. Refer to the gravy math infographic above to quickly figure out the ratios.

Like this recipe? It helps me out greatly if you leave a 5-star 🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟rating in the recipe card below and maybe even leave me a quick comment too!

Homemade Turkey Gravy with Make-Ahead Stock

Plate of vegetables and turkey slices with turkey gravy.
Make a great homemade stock 2-3 days ahead of Thanksgiving and use it to make perfect, stress free gravy after the turkey has been roasted.
5 from 2 votes
Prep Time 30 minutes
Cook Time 10 minutes
Servings 12
Calories 62



For the turkey gravy base

  • giblets and neck of turkey do not use liver
  • ½ medium onion halved, not chopped
  • 1 cup parsley sprigs not chopped
  • 1 bay leaf
  • 4-6 cups water
  • 6 tablespoons butter
  • 2 tablespoons fresh sage chopped
  • 2 shallots thinly sliced

For the gravy

  • 3 tablespoons all purpose flour
  • pan drippings from a roasted turkey not brined
  • 4 cups homemade base stock see above


  • Prepare the stock: In a large pot add the turkey giblets and/or wings, the onion, the parsley and the bay leaf. Add enough water to cover and bring to a boil.
    Once it comes to a boil, turn down the heat and simmer for 1-2 hours. Check occasionally and add more water to cover ingredients if necessary.
    After a couple of hours, strain the stock into a bowl or pan. Set the onion/spice/herbs aside in case you need to make more stock later on.
    giblets and neck of turkey, 1/2 medium onion, 1 cup parsley sprigs, 1 bay leaf, 4-6 cups water
  • While the stock is simmering, make the herb butter. In a large skillet, saute the shallots about 5 minutes over medium heat, or until softened. Add the sage and cook in the butter another 3-4 minutes.
    6 tablespoons butter, 2 tablespoons fresh sage, 2 shallots
  • Make the roux: add the flour and a few tablespoons warm water to a small jar with a secure lid. Shake it until it is a thoroughly mixed liquid. Over medium heat, whisk the roux into the skillet with the shallot-sage butter.
    Slowly add the strained stock to the pan over medium heat, while whisking continuously to prevent lumping (a wire whisk works well for this). This takes about 5 minutes or until your base is thickened to your preference.
    Taste and add a little salt and pepper.
    Allow it to cool and then refrigerate until ready to use (can be stored up to 3 days). Bring to room temperature on the day you plan to use it.
    3 tablespoons all purpose flour
  • Make the gravy: On the day of the feast, after roasting the turkey, remove the turkey from the roasting pan to a large platter and tent with aluminum foil.
    Strain the liquid from the roasting pan into a a measuring cup or a gravy separator and set aside. (If using a gravy seperator, the juices will sink to the bottom while the fat floats on top.
    Place the roasting pan on the stovetop (it may take up one or two burners) and heat up the drippings over a medium high.
    Slowly add the homemade gravy stock into the roasting pan with the drippings, whisking continuously and scraping up all the browned bits into the gravy. Simmer until the gravy is smooth and thickened slightly, about 5 minutes, whisking as it thickens.
    If gravy is too thick, thin the gravy with the reserve juices that you separated from the fat. If gravy is to thin, make some more roux of flour and water and whisk into the pan (make sure the roux is shaken up and a liquid, not just lumpy flour)
    Taste and season with salt and pepper. Serve warm.
    4 cups homemade base stock, pan drippings from a roasted turkey


  1. Turkey liver makes broth bitter. Leave it out.
  2. Popular herbs to add include chives, parsley, chervil, basil, tarragon or sage.
  3. Use a heavy bottomed pan that is not too big when making the gravy. Thin large pans can burn the drippings and brown bits.
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Calories: 62kcalCarbohydrates: 3gProtein: 0.4gFat: 6gSaturated Fat: 4gPolyunsaturated Fat: 0.2gMonounsaturated Fat: 1gTrans Fat: 0.2gCholesterol: 15mgSodium: 50mgPotassium: 24mgFiber: 0.3gSugar: 1gVitamin A: 175IUVitamin C: 1mgCalcium: 7mgIron: 0.1mg
Did you make this recipe?If you tried this recipe, please give it a star rating! To do this, just click on the stars above. Comments are always helpful also and I respond to all of them (except rude ones)
5 from 2 votes (1 rating without comment)

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  1. Susan says:

    5 stars
    Great gravy advice!

  2. Anonymous says:

    Help! I made my make ahead gravy stock yesterday but since I didn’t have white wine to deglaze with I used apple cider vinegar and now it just is too much of a vinegar taste. How can I fix this? I haven’t made up the gravy as yet as I put the stock into the fridge overnight so I could skim off the fat.

    • Well, here are some suggestions to try:
      – Add some sweetener(sugar,honey, or maple syrup)
      – Add some baking soda to the dish. …
      – Add some dairy products (like cream or yogurt)
      – Add some herbs (like thyme, rosemary, parsley or another robust herb)
      – Finally, maybe add some veggies (carrots or celery)

      Just be sure to taste as you go. Heating up vinegar to high heat will also tame it a bit.

  3. Deborah says:

    Shouldn’t the base be strained at some point? Probably before adding the roux?

    • Thank you for the question Deborah! We made this again for our 2023 Thanksgiving dinner and I changed the recipe to clarify when and what should be strained, as well editing a few other directions. I think the recipe will be much clearer now! I updated it on 11/24/23.

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